Tropical forests host two-thirds of global biodiversity. They serve as critical carbon sinks, storing 46% of terrestrial carbon, and play a key role in regulating the water cycle.
The largest land-based carbon store, about 40% of the world’s tropical peatlands are found in Southeast Asia. Peatlands are important in the management of water catchments and reduce severity of flooding.
Mangroves can store up to 5 times more carbon than forests. Critical to reduce coastline erosion, they serve as nursing ground for wildlife and provide livelihood opportunities. One-third of the world’s mangroves are located in Southeast Asia.